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Can you get pregnant right after stopping the pill?

Taking the pill does not mean a woman never wants to get pregnant.

If the time arrives when she does want to conceive, she may wonder how long it will take her to become pregnant.

The answer to this question can depend not only on when she stopped taking the pill but other factors, including age and overall health.

Fast facts about getting pregnant after stopping the pill:

  • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimate almost 62 percent of women between 15 to 44 years of age use contraception.
  • A variety of birth control pills are available on prescription in the United States.
  • Sometimes taking the pill can conceal menstrual cycle irregularities.
  • Women may not get pregnant right after stopping the pill, as the menstrual cycle reestablishes itself.

What do the studies say?

Taking oral contraceptives can result in a short-term delay in achieving pregnancy of 2 to 6 months when a woman stops taking the pill, compared to other contraceptive use, according to a 2013 Danish study published in the journal Human Reproduction.

The study included 3,727 women, aged 18 to 40 years.

The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire on a monthly basis for 12 months to determine if pregnancy occurred.

The researchers also found that women who had used birth control pills for longer rather than shorter time periods were more likely to get pregnant.

Similarly, long-term use had no negative effect on the probability of getting pregnant.

The study also found that women who had used birth control pills, starting younger than age 21 years old, were less likely to get pregnant when compared to women who started taking the pill after the age of 21 years.

The researchers theorized that younger women starting birth control pills might have more irregularities in their menstrual cycle compared with women starting birth control pills later.

An older research study published in the 2009 issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, found that previous use of oral contraceptives does not affect conception in the short-term or during a one-year period after trying to conceive.

How the pill works

When a woman stops taking birth control pills, her menstrual cycle may take a while to return to a natural pattern.

Birth control pills serve several purposes, including:

  • maintaining consistent hormone levels
  • stopping the estrogen peak that causes ovulation
  • thickening cervical mucus, so sperm cannot reach an egg

In addition to preventing pregnancy, taking birth control pills offers several benefits to women. These include reduced bleeding and cramping during a menstrual cycle and reduced risk for ovarian cysts.

When taken at the same time every day, birth control pills prevent pregnancy for 91 percent of women on combined pills and 95 percent of women on mini-pills, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. ………… Continue Reading………

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