5G is the latest network of wireless technology. It’s used to transmit data between appliances, like mobile phones and Bluetooth devices.
5G works by producing a type of energy called electromagnetic radiation. It uses higher frequencies than previous wireless networks, making it faster and more efficient.
Electromagnetic frequencies, like those produced by 5G, create an area called an electromagnetic field (EMF). Some people believe EMFs have negative health effects.
As a result, there is concern about how 5G affects health. But there are currently no known health risks linked to 5G.
Read on to learn about 5G and what research says so far.
Wireless technology is constantly evolving. Approximately every 10 years, mobile companies release a new generation of wireless systems. Each generation is an upgraded, more advanced version of the last one.
In 2019, 5G networks were released. The term “5G” stands for “fifth generation.”
5G provides faster mobile communications. This is expected to support the increasing number of electronic devices and services, including:
- self-driving cars
- virtual reality appliances
- remote surveillance
5G works by using higher frequencies on the electromagnetic spectrum. The frequencies range from 3.5 gigahertz (GHz) to several tens of GHz.
Before 5G was launched, these higher frequencies weren’t used in mobile networks. They are typically used in devices like security scanners.
It’s worth noting that electromagnetic frequencies are produced by anything that uses electricity. This includes:
- power lines
5G also uses a method called beamforming, which sends data directly to devices. This is different from previous generations, which sent signals in all directions.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO)Trusted Source, there is limited research on the frequencies used in 5G.
There is more research on the health effects of electromagnetic fields across the spectrum. However, the results are inconsistent.
To date, EMFs have been potentially associated with:
A small 2017 studyTrusted Source showed that mobile phones use frequencies of 1.8 to 2.2 GHz. These frequencies cause tissue heating, according to WHO.
Tissue heating occurs when your skin absorbs electromagnetic energy. This causes a slight rise in temperature in your brain and body.
A 2021 study Trusted Source also found that people experience more EMF-related tissue heating as they get older. Plus, the higher the EMFs, the more they absorb. That’s because older individuals tend to have reduced skin thickness and blood flow.
However, tissue heating is considered to be short-term and minimal. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) also states that the public is exposed to very low frequencies of EMFs. These levels are too low to cause considerable tissue heating.
More research is necessary to determine how 5G specifically affects human tissue.
The effects of 5G exposure on cognitive function have not been studied yet.